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Growing Tomatoes: Cage vs Stake

Best Way to use Tomato Cages and Stakes

Growing tomatoes can be quite a dilemma. After all, you need to find the right support to keep them healthy and productive.

Two options immediately spring to mind when it comes to growing tomatoes: cage or stake. But which one to pick?

Lucky for you, we’ve made a quick list of each approach in terms of setup, maintenance, and other aspects. Let’s take a quick look, shall we?

Tomato Cage or Stake?

If you prefer less maintenance and have bushy indeterminate tomato varieties, cages might be more suitable. On the other hand, if you have limited space and want more control over the plants’ growth, staking could be the better option. 

Let’s get into the pros and cons of each method, starting with cages!

The Pros and Cons of Growing Tomatoes in Cages

The Pros and Cons of Growing Tomatoes in Cages
Image by Homestead and Chill
AspectsGrowing Tomatoes in Cages
Ease of Setup and MaintenanceModerate ●●●○○
Time-consuming to set up cages for each plant.
Regular maintenance required for pruning and training.
Space EfficiencyHigh ●●●●○
Allows vertical growth, making it suitable for small gardens with limited space.
Air CirculationModerate ●●●○○
Cages promote better airflow around the plants, reducing the risk of fungal diseases.
Sunlight ExposureHigh ●●●●○
Keeps the plants upright, ensuring all parts receive adequate sunlight for better photosynthesis.
Reduced Pest DamageModerate ●●●○○
Provides some protection against ground-dwelling pests but may not deter all pests.
Neat AppearanceModerate ●●●○○
Caged tomatoes have a cleaner and visually appealing appearance with fruits elevated off the ground.

Tomatoes in cages are great for home gardeners. They’re easy to set up and maintain, taking less space with their vertical growth. 

The plants get good air and sunlight, leading to healthier growth. Cages also protect against pests and make harvesting clean and easy, yielding consistently shaped fruits.

Pros of Growing Tomatoes in Cages

Pros of Growing Tomatoes in Cages
Image by Mother Earth News

Support and Stability

Tomato cages are excellent for supporting indeterminate varieties throughout the season. They prevent plants from sprawling, reducing the risk of stem, leaf, and fruit damage.

Improved Air Circulation

Caged tomatoes have better air circulation, lowering humidity and reducing fungal diseases like blight and leaf spot that harm the plants.

Easier Pruning and Maintenance

Growing tomatoes in cages simplifies pruning. With the plant confined, you can easily access and remove unwanted branches, suckers, or diseased parts while boosting plant health and fruit production.

Increased Sunlight Exposure

Cages help plants stay upright, getting enough sunlight for improved photosynthesis. This leads to healthier and stronger tomato plants.


Caging helps plants grow upward, perfect for small spaces. With it, you can grow more tomatoes in less area than letting them spread on the ground.

Cleaner Harvesting

The fruits are raised for easy spotting and harvesting, reducing contact with soil and debris, resulting in cleaner and more attractive tomatoes.

Protection from Pests

Cages protect tomatoes from ground-dwelling pests like slugs and snails. They’re safer than growing tomatoes directly on the ground.

Uniform Fruit Shape

Cages help fruits grow in a controlled way for better shapes and sizes. This is great for cooking and selling.

Cons of Growing Tomatoes in Cages:

Cons of Growing Tomatoes in Cages:
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Upfront Cost

Getting cages for your tomato growing area may cost a bit initially, but they can be used for many seasons, saving money in the long run.

Labor-Intensive Installation

Setting up cages for tomato plants takes time, especially in big gardens. It requires more effort compared to trellising or other support methods.

Limited Plant Size

The cage limits the tomato plant’s size and spread, leading to a smaller plant and slightly less fruit compared to sprawling plants.

Inadequate Support for Heavy Fruit

Make sure the tomato cage is strong and the right size, so it supports the heavy clusters of tomatoes. If it’s not, the cage might bend or the fruit could touch the ground, increasing the risk of rot or pests.

Potential Disease Spread

Cages help with air circulation but could spread diseases if an infected plant is near healthy ones in a confined space.

Maintenance Challenges

Caged tomatoes need some regular maintenance, like tying up branches and training the plant, though less than unsupported ones.

Space Constraints for Large Gardens

In large-scale tomato farming, using cages for each plant can be challenging because of limited space and the sheer number of plants.

The Pros and Cons of Growing Tomatoes on Stakes

The Pros and Cons of Growing Tomatoes on Stakes
Image by Farm Flavor
AspectGrowing Tomatoes on Stakes
Ease of Setup and MaintenanceModerate ●●●○○
Maintenance includes regular pruning and tying branches for support. It may require more effort than using cages, especially for larger gardens.
Space EfficiencyHigh ●●●●○
Staking helps gardens with limited space grow vertically. This allows for more tomato plants in a smaller area instead of spreading on the ground.
Air CirculationModerate ●●●○○
Tomatoes on stakes enjoy better air circulation. Spacing plants and pruning prevent humidity buildup and fungal diseases.
Sunlight ExposureHigh ●●●●○
Staking helps plants stand tall and get lots of sunlight. This boosts photosynthesis and makes tomato plants healthier and stronger.
Reduced Pest DamageModerate ●●●○○
Staking helps raise tomatoes, but it doesn’t fully protect them from pests. Some pests can climb the stakes, so consider using extra pest control methods.
Neat AppearanceHigh ●●●●○
Tomatoes grown with stakes look neat and organized because they’re trained to grow vertically. It gives the garden a tidier and more appealing look.

Setting up and caring for these plants is relatively easy. You’ll need to prune and tie them regularly. They work great in small gardens as they use space efficiently. 

Staking allows better air circulation, lowering the chance of fungal diseases and promoting healthy growth. The elevated position boosts sunlight exposure, enhancing photosynthesis and fruit development. 

Plus, keeping the fruit off the ground reduces pest damage. Lastly, the organized and upright form of staked tomatoes creates a neat and visually pleasing garden.

Pros of Growing Tomatoes on Stakes

Pros of Growing Tomatoes on Stakes
Image by Minnetonka Orchards

Space Efficiency

You can stake tomatoes to maximize space in small gardens or limited areas. By using a vertical structure, the plants stay upright, saving ground space and preventing sprawling.

Improved Air Circulation

Tomatoes benefit from staking. It improves airflow, lowers fungal disease risk like blight, and boosts pollination, resulting in healthier plants and more fruit.

Easier Plant Maintenance

Tomatoes grown on stakes make pruning, tying, and harvesting easier. The plants stay organized and upright, simplifying fruit-picking and maintenance.

Reduced Pest Damage

Raising tomatoes above the ground can reduce pest damage. Crawling insects and ground-dwelling critters will have a harder time reaching the fruit.

Sunlight Exposure

Tomatoes on stakes get extra sunlight as their leaves face upwards, not touching the ground. This boosts photosynthesis for better fruit growth and ripening.

Neat Appearance

Tomatoes grow tidier when staked, enhancing the garden’s look. Staked plants bring uniformity, adding to the garden’s charm.

Early Harvesting

With better sunlight exposure and improved air circulation, staked tomatoes tend to mature faster than untrained plants. This leads to an earlier harvest.

Cons of Growing Tomatoes on Stakes

Cons of Growing Tomatoes on Stakes
Image by Nature and Garden

Labor-Intensive Setup

Staking requires more initial effort and labor to set up the stakes and tie the plants as they grow. It can be time-consuming, especially if you have a large tomato crop.

Risk of Damage

If the plants are not tied properly to the stakes, heavy fruit clusters or strong winds can cause branches to break or bend, leading to potential damage to the plant and fruit.

Support Needed for Heavy Fruit

Some tomato varieties produce big, heavy fruit that requires extra support. You can use ties or slings to help prevent the fruit from weighing down the plant.

Limited Plant Size

Staking can limit tomato plant size. Certain varieties grow vigorously and large, but staking might affect their potential yield.

Higher Watering Requirements

Tomato plants placed at a higher level lose water faster because of the improved airflow. Staked tomatoes need to be watered more often to keep the soil moisture levels right.

Dependency on Stakes

Staking lasts all season. As plants grow, they’ll need constant support and re-tying to keep them well-supported.

Higher Risk of Sunburn

Staking boosts sun exposure, but it may cause sunburn on fruits, especially in scorching summers. To lower this risk, consider using extra shading or mulching.


Here’s a summary of everything we discussed on tomato cages and stakes!

Setup and MaintenanceEasy setup and minimal maintenance.Labor-intensive setup. Will need continuous attention. Maintenance is required.
Space EfficiencyMay require more horizontal space.Space-saving with better vertical space utilization.
Support for Bushy VarietiesExcellent support for bushy types.Suitable for various tomato varieties, but may need additional tying for bushy ones.
Air CirculationLimited airflow in dense foliage.Improved air circulation, reducing the risk of fungal diseases.
CostCan be more expensive for sturdy cages.Generally more affordable for basic stakes.
Control over Plant SizeLimited control over plant sizeBetter plant control, and you can better prune and train the plant.
Protects Fruit from the GroundKeeps fruit off the ground, reducing the risk of pests and diseases.Keeps fruit off the ground, reducing the risk of pests and diseases.
Easier HarvestingModerate ease of harvesting.Easier harvesting, fruits are more accessible.
Risk of DamageLower risk of damage to branches and fruits.Risk of damage to branches and fruits if not tied properly.
Sun ExposureModerate exposure to sunlight.Higher exposure to sunlight, risk of sunburn on fruits.
Ideal for Limited SpaceMay not be ideal for limited space.Ideal for smaller gardens or limited growing areas.
AestheticsProvides a tidier appearance.Neat appearance, organized garden layout.

You have the freedom to choose the best option for your home, considering its unique factors. When deciding between the two support methods, always consider your garden size, tomato variety, and maintenance preferences.

If you have a small garden or limited space, a tomato cage is quick and easy to set up for supporting determinate tomato plants that don’t need much pruning.

On the other hand, if you want better air circulation, reduced pest damage, and improved sunlight exposure, a tomato stake is a great choice for indeterminate varieties. It also keeps your garden tidy and organized.

Hopefully, we’ve helped you come to the best decision for your plant. Happy gardening!

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